GLOBALIZATION

The course on globalization makes use of the following textbook: Terminale, Classes Européennes, History Geography, Hatier (chapter 6, pages 70 to 83).

The course lasts 8 hours (click on the titles below):
  1. Globalization, a world of difference?
  2. Spreading the European model to Asia
  3. Map: a globalized world
  4. Flows, circulation and connections on a global scale
  5. Globalisation, a vulnerable process creating economic growth
  6. The new Asian powers in the globalization process
  7. Inequalities caused by globalization, the forgotten countries
  8. How to boost employment, productivity and growth...

1 comment:

  1. Here is an oral presentation from our group about the WTO within the globalization (it refers to page 80 in our textbook) :



    Globalisation is the intensification of movement of people, goods, money and information on a world scale. During last decades, since the industrial revolution, this process has never stopped to increase, trade between countries has soared, especially thanks to the WTO. The aim of globalisation is to build a world economy system: worldwide capitalism, to eradicate poverty.
    Here we have two documents, speaking about globalisation. The first one is a cartoon drawn by Hemad Hajjaj in 2005, untitled “is the globalisation the WTO squeezing the world dry?”. This caricature was published in Al Gaid. A cartoon is a drawing made in order to denounce something by caricaturing or using satires.
    The second one is an article untitled “the death of Doha signals, the demise of globalisation”, extracted from the Guardian. This newspaper article was written by Martin Jacques in 2006.
    By confronting those two documents, we will try to work an issue: WTO plays an important role within globalization, therefore, why is it so contested and being challenged ?


    Let’s start with the editorial cartoon : On this very clean and austere cartoon, is a man, on a white background. His face seems to be demoniac and sarcastic giving him an evil looking face expression. He is wearing a suit, smoking a cigar; it’s symbolizes rich and powerful people. On the right side of his suit, we can read “WTO” (World Trade Organisation). This organisation established the rules of trade between nations : it represents about 95% of world trade. On the left of the man’s coat is the symbol of this organisation. This man is clutching the world in his thorny fingers. The planet is shaped like the WTO’s logo. Therefore, this man embodies the WTO crunching the whole planet. We have to remember that the author comes from Jordan, a poor country. That is why this document gives us the point of view of poor countries.


    The document 2 is speaking about the Doha round, which is a convention that allowed the developed countries (which are the main actors of globalisation) to produce easily and for a cheaper cost in the developing countries. This is the process of globalisation, but it also allowed the developing countries to gain in power so it makes them able to contest the pressure of developed countries and to resist them. Developed countries loose a kind of their dominance. This document gives us the voices of poor country becoming more and more aggressive, fighting to obtain rights and also the point of view of rich countries that reject having to enter into a multilateral trade agreement because it means that they loose their monopoly : this could be the end of globalisation according to the document.


    The main actors of globalization are rich countries, they invest into poor countries and sometimes exploit them to make more incomes. It is paradoxical according to the aim of the globalization because rich became richer and poor became poorer. Therefore the member of WTO started a talk to find a solution to make trade more free and more fair.
    But thanks to the 2 documents we studied, we understood that poor countries see the WTO killing them by favouring wealthy countries and that the WTO are no longer able to defend their interests : this is the deadlock of Doha round.
    Paradoxically, WTO doesn’t profit both poor countries (doc 1) and rich countries (doc 2). It is why there is a breakdown for the trade between countries since the Doha round.
    Is it the end of WTO and by the way the end of globalization ?
    But documents are dated from 2005 and 2006 and don’t forget that today, in 2016, 10 years later, WTO still exist…

    ReplyDelete